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Papal State


Popes

Conflicts with the Emperor and East (1048–1257)


The wandering popes (1257–1309)

Avignon Papacy (1309–1377)


Western Schism (1378–1417)


Antipopes


Renaissance Popes (1417–1534)


Reformation and Counter-Reformation (1517–1585)


Baroque Papacy (1585–1689)


During the Age of Revolution (1775–1848)


Roman Question (1870–1929)

Pope Pius IX
Count Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti
1846-1878
Pope Leo XIII
Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci
1878-1903
Pope Pius X
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto
1903-1914
Pope Benedict XV
Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista Della Chiesa
1914-1922
Pope Pius XI
Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti
1922-1939
Pope Pius XII
Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli
1939-1958
Pope John XXIII
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
1958-1963
Pope Paul VI
Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini
1963-1978
Pope John Paul I
Albino Luciani
1978
Pope John Paul II
Karol Józef Wojtyła
1978-2005
Pope Benedict XVI
Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger
2005-2013
Pope Francis
Jorge Mario Bergoglio
2013